Cardiology

Cardiology is concerned with the heart and blood vessels and their diseases. Cardiologists primarily evaluate the functions of the heart (heart beat), the shape and size of the heart chambers, the integrity of the heart valves and the permeability of the arteries and veins.

The frequently diagnosed cardiovascular diseases include:

  • atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries due to deposits of fats, carbohydrates, blood and calcium) and the associated complications (angina, myocardial infarction)
  • diseases of the heart valves (e.g. aortic or mitral valve incompetence, stenosis (narrowing) of the aortic or mitral valves)
  • heart rhythm disorders
  • stimulus conduction disorders
  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • thrombotic diseases of the vessels

Interventional/invasive cardiology

Interventional/invasive cardiology is concerned with surgery of the heart chambers and coronary arteries of the heart. Interventional/invasive cardiology is a special area of catheterization. A catheter (a thin plastic tube) is inserted into the vascular system (artery or vein) and advanced with the aid of imaging procedures as far as the heart chamber or artery to be treated. 

This procedure serves primarily to widen narrowed coronary arteries, as for example in myocardial infarctions or angina, to widen the arteries of the lower extremities or the renal arteries. A mesh tube (stent) is also often used. Interventional/invasive cardiology is also used to treat certain heart rhythm disorders or to widen constrictions in the area of the heart valves.

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